In the beginning, there was simple cloth. Humans started with that and then learned how to make different textiles.
Textile manufacturing has since become a popular industry with the materials being used in many things, like clothes, bedding, curtains, even things like bandages.
The different textiles and their manufacturing processes
It is important to know the different textiles and their manufacturing processes. It is important to know the different textiles and their manufacturing processes. It is important for many reasons, not just fashion, but also because it can have an effect on durability and comfort. A person’s apparel choices should be made with this knowledge in mind to get optimal results from fabrics – whether they are trying out new styles at a favorite online fabric store or purchasing items as gifts or need extra covers when camping season comes around…the list goes ON!
The cotton fiber comes from the cotton plant, which makes it a vegetable fiber, and its fluffiness makes it easy to dye into various colors and turn into clothing or other textile products.
Wool is an animal fiber, and like cotton it is fluffy and can be dyed into various colors. It is sometimes blended with other fibers to make the textile stronger.
This type of silk is made from recycled silk products such as old clothes, parachutes, etc., that are broken down and then used to make a new thread.
This type of cotton is made from recycled cotton products such as old clothes, denim scraps, etc., that are broken down and then used to make a new thread.
Hemp is usually grown for its strong fibers, which can be used to make clothing and other textile products without needing to first be made into thread.
Cotton production – from planting to harvesting to spinning
How cotton is grown
Cotton can be grown on a field that has been plowed and sprayed with chemicals to kill any weeds or insects that would try to eat the cotton.
When the cotton is ready, it will be harvested by machine and then loaded into trucks to transport it away from the fields where it was grown.
The cotton is sorted by quality and prepared for dyeing, which can take place at the same time as spinning.
How cotton is spun
When the cotton fibers have been dyed, they are ready to be spun into thread. The first step in this process is to break them down so that they are thinner strands of fiber. This is done by putting the material through a device called a gilling machine, which will break them down until they are about one-third of their original size. Once this has been accomplished, they are ready to go onto another spindle for spinning into thread.
Wool production – shearing, cleaning, carding, and spinning
How wool is sheared
Like cotton, sheep are shorn with electric clippers. A lot of people think that this means that the sheep must be killed first to get the wool, but if that were true then they wouldn’t call it “sheep” wool anymore.
The next step for most types of wool is to clean it. This may mean that it is put into a machine that will spray the wool with water and then spin it until all the dirt and debris have fallen out.
Wool can also be cleaned by hand, which will sometimes include having to remove any stickers or plant matter manually.
How wool is spun
After the sheep’s wool has been cleaned, it is ready to be combed and spun into yarn. The comb will separate the wool into thin fibers that can then be used in a spinning machine.
Spinning the different threads
Spinning is the process by which a fiber can be turned into string or thread.
For all fibers, one method used to spin them is by carding. In this process, small brushes collect and blend all the fibers together so they are smooth to work with. Then those become a thicker strand that goes through different rollers to thin them out.
After the fibers have been carded and thinned, they are ready to be woven or knitted into a textile product.
Silk production – raising silkworms, making cocoons, and reeling the silk
How silkworms are raised
To raise silkworms, you will first need to have some mulberry leaves. These are the only food that silkworms eat, so they must be adult worms before they can begin their diet of leaves. This means that they must be raised separately from the eggs until later on in their life cycle.
How cocoons are made
Cocoons are produced by using a chemical to make the silkworm go into a resting state. Then they are placed in trays and covered with another chemical that will kill them, but keep their bodies intact.
Once the worms have died, their bodies (now encased in the cocoon) can spin silk thread. Silk thread is made by unraveling these bodies to get the thread inside, and then brushing it with a chemical that will turn it white.
How silk is reeled
Silk thread can be used in a variety of ways. If you wanted to make yarn from it, then this would be called reeling. In reeling, the silk must first be wound onto spools or bobbins in a process called throwing.
Once the silk has been reeled into yarn, it can then make fabrics.
How cloth is produced from thread or yarn
There are many types of fabric that you can produce from thread and yarn. The result will depend on the type of fiber you started with and what you do with it in order to get a finished product.
How textiles are dyed and finished for sale
The final steps of making yarn are to dye it and then finish the products. Dyeing can be done in several ways, depending on what type of fiber you started with. Some types of fiber are dyed directly, while others must be first soaked in a chemical bath to open up the fiber so it can be more easily penetrated by dye.
Once you have finished dyeing your thread or yarn, you will need to finish them, so they are ready for sale. Finishing refers to brushing or ironing the fabric so that it is ready for sale.
Hopefully, this article will have provided a more in-depth look at the manufacturing process of textiles.
Thanks for reading!
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